动词 arrange 用法

■请给我们安排一次与工人的会见。

误:Please arrange us an interview with the workers.

正:Please arrange an interview with the workers for us.

析:arrange(安排)通常不跟双宾语。

■我已安排他去参加会议。

误:I’ve arranged him to attend the meeting.

正:I’ve arranged for him to attend the meeting.

析:arrange(安排) 用作及物动词时,其后可接不定式作宾语,但是习惯上却不接不定式的复合结构作宾语,若语义上需要这类 结构,可在 arrange 后加介词for(如上面的正句) 或换成从句。如上面一句也可说成:I’ve arranged that he (should) attend the meeting.(注意从句的谓语形式)

■他们是按大小排列的。

误:They arranged in size.

正:They were arranged in size.

析:arrange 表示整理排列等,是及物动词。此句从语义上看应用被动语态。


1. arrange用作及物动词表示“安排”“准备”时,其后通常接事情,而不接具体的人或东西;若接具体的人或东西则需后接介词for,如以下两例中的for不宜省去:
We’ll arrange for an experienced teacher. 我们将安排一位有经验的教师。
I’ve arranged for a taxi. 我已安排好了一辆计程车。

2. arrange后接事情作宾语时,其后接不接介词for均可(在现代英语中以不接为多见):
Would you like to arrange (for) a personal interview? 你希望安排一次个别接见吗?

3. arrange正因为表示“安排”时不能直接跟某人作宾语,所以要表示汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语习惯上不说 arrange sb to do sth,而说arrange for sb to do sth:
I’ve arranged for Mary to meet you at the airport. 我已经安排玛丽去机场接你。
类似地,英语不说 hope sb to do sth,而说 hope for sb to do sth,不说 wait sb to do sth,而说 wait for sb do sth,不说long sb to do sth,而说long for sb to do sth等。另外还有,英语习惯上不说 demand sb to do sth,而说 demand of sb to do sth。

4. arrange其后可接that引导的宾语从句,从句谓语通常用虚拟语气,但有时也可用将来时态:
They arranged that the meeting (should) be put off to Saturday. 他们安排把会议推迟到星期六。
I’ve arranged that one of our representatives will meet you at the airport. 我已安排好派一个代表到机场接你。
比较同义句:I’ve arranged for him to attend the meeting.=I’ve arranged that he (should) attend the meeting. 我已安排他去参加会议。