动词 consider 用法

Charles Babbage is generally considered ______ the first computer.

A. to invent

B. inventing

 C. to have invented

D. having invented

此题考查的就是consider的用法。让我们对consider的用法作一归纳, 然后, 再做答案。

一、consider意为“考虑, 细想”时, 其后可跟:

1. 名词或代词:

We must consider the matter from different standpoints.

我们应当从各个角度来考虑一下这件事。

We must consider it very carefully. 我们应仔细地考虑它。

2. 从句:

We must consider what’s to be done. 我们必须考虑该怎么办。

He considered how he should answer.他考虑应当怎样回答。

3. “疑问词+不定式”:

Have you considered how to get there?你是否考虑过如何到那里?

We have to consider what material to use first. 我们先得考虑用什么材料。

注意: consider作“考虑”解时, 不能直接接不定式。

4. 动名词:

He considered going to see them in person. 他考虑亲自去看望他们。

He is considering changing his job. 他在考虑调换一下工作。

5. 介词over或单独用:

He said they had considered over it. 他说他们已经考虑过了。

Let me consider. 让我考虑一下。

二、consider意为“认为, 以为, 把……看作”, 其后可跟:

1. 从句:

We consider that a friend in need is a friend indeed.

我们认为患难之友才是真正的朋友。

2. 名词的复合结构(即名词作宾语补足语):

We consider Beijing the heart of our country.

我们认为北京是我国的心脏。

3. 带形容词的复合结构:

They considered me too young to do the work.

他们认为我太年轻, 干不了这项工作。

4. 带不定式的复合结构:

We consider only such methods to be correct.

我们认为只有这样的方法才是正确的。

注意: 不定式后主要是be, 间或为其它动词(多为完成式)。

We all considered him to have stolen Tom’s wallet.

我们都以为是他偷了汤姆的钱包。

5. 带介词短语的复合结构:

We always consider these people as our true comrades.

我们一向认为这些人是我们真正的同志。

They always consider themselves in the right. 他们总认为自己对。

6. 带“it形式宾语+形容词+真正宾语(动词不定式、从句等)”:

We consider it our duty to help her. 我们认为帮助她是我们的职责。

I consider it a great pleasure that I can work with you.