动词 fall 搭配

“杯子从桌上落下”。——可以有三种翻译:

(一)The glass fell from the table.

(二)The glass fell down from the table.

(三)The glass fell off the table.

三个翻译都对,意思也基本相同,但还是有一定细微差别的。原因在于副词和介词的不同使用:

1. fall from the table:

2. fall down from the table:

以上两个说法都有from,说明“下落来自什么位置”,第2个加了副词down,强调了下落的动作。从逻辑上讲,fall 本身就有“下落”的意思,所以后面有没有down,意思相同。

3. fall off the table:“脱离开桌子”。介词off,表示两个事物之间的“脱离”。又因为跟fall连用,仍然是“从……下落”。

fall from 的例句:

1. She was badly hurt when she fell from the ladder.  她从梯子上跌下来,伤得很厉害。

2. The climber fell from a great height.  攀登者从极高的地方坠落下来。

3. Rain fell from the heavens all day long.  整天都下雨。

4. A coal fell from the fire and burned the mat.  一块煤炭从火中掉出来,烧坏了垫子。

5. The boy fell from a tree and fractured his arm.  那个男孩从树上摔了下来折断了胳膊。

6. The knife fell from her nerveless fingers.  刀子从她那无力的手中落下。

7. Pieces of chaff or straw that fall from hay.  干草屑从干草中撒落出来的草屑或麦秸。

8. Globules of wax fell from the candle.  蜡滴从蜡烛上淌下来。

fall down from 的例句:

1. The worker fell down from the scaffold.  那个工人从脚手架掉了下来。

2. The boy fell down from a tree and hurt his leg.  男孩从树上掉下来,跌伤了腿。

3.How was it possible to fall down from the third floor without being hurt?  从三楼掉下而没有受伤,这怎么可能呢?

4. I saw him fall down from the bike.  我看到他从自行车上摔下来。

5. In autumn the leaves fall down from the trees.  秋天树叶从树上掉下来。

6. Be careful, and don’t fall down from the tall tree.  小心,别从树上跌下来。

7. A big block of ice fell down from the roof and broke my car.  一大块儿冰从房顶上掉下来,把我的车砸坏了。

8. For instance, once I dreamed that I fell down from a precipice.  举例说吧,有一次梦见自己从悬崖上掉下来了。

fall off 的例句:

1. Be careful not to fall off the ladder.  当心别从梯子上掉下来。

2. She fell off her bike and got a nasty knock.  她从自行车上摔下来,摔得很重。

3. One slip and you could fall off the cliff.  脚下一滑就可能从悬崖上跌下去。

4. He broke a rib when he fell off his horse.  他从马上摔下来折断了一根肋骨。

5. Ripe apples are beginning to fall off the trees.  成熟的苹果开始从树上落下来了。

6. You’ll break your neck if you fall off the roof.  你要是从屋顶上跌下来会摔死的。

7. The screw worked loose and the door fell off the cupboard.  螺钉松脱了,门从碗橱上掉了下来。

8. The chalk fell off the desk and broke.  粉笔从书桌上掉下来摔断了。